Friday, December 26, 2008
UNAM Central Library
The modern campus of the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Constructed between 1949-1952 by 150 Architects and technicians it is a showcase of modern architecture.
The Biblioteca Central (1952) was designed by Juan Gorman and is heavily decorated with sculpture and mosaics. The southern façade includes two zodiac wheels which describe colonial times and the northern facade represents aspects of Aztec culture, the eastern facade represents the creation of modern Mexico and the western façade Latin American culture generally.
La Rectoria administration building southern façade is decorated with a three-dimensional mosaic designed by Siqueiros. The glazed tower with louvres over a podium base.
Many of the buildings feature covered arcades at ground level and external circulation, extensive glazing and a high level of standardised elements typical of modernism but combined with decorative mosaics and sculpture fusing art and architecture into singular buildings located around large grass and paved outdoor spaces.